The administrative territory of Băneasa city is crossed by streams fed by rainfalls and fountains. The phreatic water is cantoned in clayey dust and organic remains with some schist gravel. There is nowhere in Romania, as well as, in Europe, such a large diversity related to the climatic influences. Also, 27% of the general flora found in Romania represents an amalgam that exceeds 1000 species. There are some researches carried out by the specialists that also reported a variety of insect species, new for the science or for the Romania territory. Here, there are 1200 species of butterflies, the tortoise from Dobrogea and the horned viper, the fallow deer and even the jackal.
The first attempts to rpotect this area have been done since 1930, when A. Caradia proposed the establishment of a mixed reservation in the southern Dobrogea too. The current status has been acquired 50 years later, when an area of 168.3 hectares was demarcated, area that came later under protection.
Phytogeographically, the south-est part of the area belongs to ponto-caspice region (Ponto-Danubian province) and the southwest macaronezo region –mediterranean (province Dacia, subprovince daco-moessica). The reservations presents species specific for the both regions, proving the type of border of this region.
Close to the area Canaraua Fetii, but also in the adjacent areas, it has been reported about 1000 species of high plants, these ones representing about 27% of the Romanian flora, but also many other species of plants of Balkan and Mediterranean climate.
The wooden vegetation consists, mainly, of gray oak, white linden tree, maple, Turkish cherry tree, mojdean, hornbeam and shrubs: dwarf almond, Christ’s thorn or the pigeon, rabbit bone etc. The grass vegetation consists, mainly, of yellow sânziene, thorn, white crow onion, yellow crocus, wild blue iris, Romanian poeny, steppe poeny, yellow pasque flower, spruneri, cozac, wild rape, small wild thyme.
Negureni forest is about 200 meters away from the national highway 3, close to the area there is the archaeological site Negureni.
The green areas from Băneasa city adds up a total area of about 1000 square meters, in the civic center there is a park of about 1000 square meters and a sport facilities site, with an area of 11.250 square meters.
The forest Canaraua Fetii is a fauna reserve which covers an area of 168 hectares. It includes a specific steppe vegetation and it is flanked by a forest of Balkan type. There are interesting species, some very rare, such as the horned beetle, that is found in the most westerly point in Europe. The quarry dug in the chalky coast gives a canyon effect, the relief being of karst type. In the middle of the reserve there is a large valley – Canaraua Fetii valley, canyon effect, with chalky walls up to 40 meter high, furrowed by cracks, niches, or even caves, such as Canaraua Fetii cave, on two level, having 54 meters long. The protected area is a unique spectacle because of the particular structure of the geological substratumwhich provides the premises of the karstic relief.
In the southwest part of Dobrogea, in the immediate proximity of the Romanian border with Bulgaria there is a depression corridor that can be visited by tourists, a dry valley with extraordinary biodiversity. The area has a large valley that runs across the border in Bulgaria, where it is called Suha Reka (Râul Secat), that was covered by a deep water current, which means that once there was there was an arm of the old Danubium flowing in the area. Canaraua Fetii became a protected area by the Decision no. 31/1980, decision made by the People’s Council of Constanţa, in order to protect the eagle scavenger, a rare butterfly (Zerynthia cerisyi) and the turtle of Dobrogea. The Law 5/2000 related to the protection of the Canaraua Fetii was reconfirme dat national level, this reserve covering nowadays an area of 172 hectares.